|February 13, 2024

The Bulletproof Guide to Supplements

By Bulletproof Staff
Reviewed by Theresa Greenwell for Scientific Accuracy on 01/17/2024

The Bulletproof Guide to Supplements

  • Even if you eat a nutrient-dense diet, supplements can provide further support for your body and your brain.
  • There is a wide range of supplements available, including ones for energy, sleep and gut health.
  • Learn more about the different types of supplements and their benefits. Plus, discover how Bulletproof can help you build a complete supplement routine.

Take a stroll down the supplements aisle and you’ll see everything from colorful multivitamins to superfood powders. You want to take care of your health. But with so many options, how are you supposed to find what you need?

We’ll break down the facts about supplements, including different types and common uses. That way, you can formulate a supplement regimen that fits your needs and allows you to unleash your limitless potential.

What are supplements?

woman reading label of collagen peptides

“Supplements” is one word for a large category of vitamins, minerals and micro- and macronutrients. Your body needs small quantities of nutrients to keep you at your best. For example, vitamin D (a vitamin) supports strong bones. Zinc (a mineral) supports energy production. Omega-3s (fatty acids) support brain health.

Generally, you want to get the majority of your nutrients from food. Use supplements to fill in the nutritional gaps. Your specific needs and goals will determine how many, or how few, supplements you need each day.

If you’re already eating a nutrient-dense diet that emphasizes whole foods and minimizes processed junk, you’re doing a great job. Certain supplements can help you fill in the gaps in your diet, combat stress, get to sleep faster and even help you manage your weight.

Who needs supplements and why?

Friends laughing together

It’s possible to get all the nutrients you need from a balanced diet. But sometimes, it’s hard to eat enough of the right foods to feel your absolute best. Plus, your supplement needs can vary. A lot depends on your lifestyle, diet, age, stress levels and other factors.

Here are some situations when supplements come in handy:

  • Growing older: Nutrient absorption declines with age. Your supplement needs may change as you grow older.
  • Working out: Exercise increases your need for certain nutrients, like protein and joint support.
  • Extra stress: Stress can drain certain nutrients, like glutathione, your body’s master antioxidant.
  • Travel: Changing time zones (or even changing your routine) can interfere with your sleep quality.

In other situations, supplements can take you from good to great. For instance, if you’re going hard at the gym, you might want to try workout supplements like collagen peptides and beta-alanine. Are you traveling a lot and feeling stressed? Try adaptogenic (stress-relieving) supplements and drug-free options for sleep support.

Related: Creatine Benefits: How This Supplement Works for More Than Just Muscle

5 types of supplements

A hand scooping Bulletproof Greens into a water bottle

Let’s take a look at five types of supplements and what roles they play in your health and wellness.

1. Mineral and vitamin supplements

Bulletproof Vitamins A+D+K Gummies in a gym bag.

Nutrient deficiencies can happen due to diet, exercise or illness. Mineral and vitamin supplements help fill in the gaps so your body performs at its peak. For example, zinc helps maintain immune function, and vitamin B-12 supports healthy brain cells.

Additionally, Bulletproof Greens is chock full of B vitamins, calcium and iron. It also contains vitamin A and vitamin K2. Plus, you can access a full serving of veggies, along with nootropics, digestive aids and probiotics. Talk about being Bulletproof!

2. Herbal supplements

Variety of pills and vitamins

Sometimes called botanicals, herbal supplements use plant-based ingredients for medicinal purposes. Herbal supplements can support your health or help address a nutrient deficiency. You might drink lavender tea to help you fall asleep, or use lion’s mane capsules for anxiety and calming. Curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, helps support joint and heart health.

3. Macronutrient supplements

Bulletproof Brain Octane oil being poured into mug of coffee

Macronutrients, also called macros, are the carbohydrates, fat and protein that make up food and help you create energy. Macronutrient supplements are useful for people with digestive disorders. They’re also helpful for people who use medication that limits the body’s ability to absorb nutrients.

Macro supplements are popular in sports nutrition (think bodybuilders and pro athletes). Exercise increases your need for certain macros, like protein and carbs, which play a vital role in muscle growth and repair. Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil promotes fat burning and ketone energy, and it can help people hit their nutritional goals for quality fats.† Bulletproof MCT Oil is another excellent quality fat source that can easily be incorporated into smoothies, salad dressings and other recipes.

Related: What is MCT Oil? The Ultimate Guide to MCT Oil Supplements

4. Advanced nutrient supplements

Holding up a bottle of Bulletproof Express 3-in-1 Probiotic

These supplements are more advanced than everyday multivitamins.

  • Prebiotic and probiotic fiber: Fiber keeps you regular and feeds good gut bacteria. You get fiber from foods like leafy green vegetables and grains. Prebiotic supplements and probiotics can help support healthy digestion. Bulletproof Express 3-in-1 Probiotic contains prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics to give you the building blocks for healthy digestion and a thriving gut microbiome.†
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: EPA, DHA and GLA are necessary fatty acids for wellness, brain health and heart function. You can get omega-3s in foods like wild-caught fatty fish and grass-fed butter. You can also take an omega-3 supplement like Bulletproof Omega Krill Complex, which contains a unique blend of Antarctic krill, Norwegian herring roe and Atlantic and Pacific fish oils.†
  • CoQ10 (coenzyme-Q10): This potent antioxidant helps generate energy in your cells. It also neutralizes damaging free radicals.[1] Bulletproof Unfair Advantage includes CoQ10, PQQ and Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil to fuel your brain and body.†
  • Glucosamine: A natural compound found in cartilage. In supplement form, it can support healthy joints.

5. Antioxidants

Woman holding pills in one hand and water in other hand

Antioxidants combat the damage caused by free radicals. What are free radicals? They’re the unstable atoms produced by stress, toxins and everyday living. You can get antioxidants from colorful fruits, vegetables and even coffee and tea. Antioxidant supplements like Bulletproof Polyphenomenal ensure you’re getting enough of the good stuff to keep your cells strong.

Related: 13 Anti-Aging Supplements to Turn You Into Benjamin Button

Common uses for dietary supplements

You can take supplements like multivitamins and antioxidants for general health benefits. Or you can use them for a specific purpose, like promoting better sleep or boosting energy. Before you try a new supplement, talk to your doctor.

Supplements for stress support

Bulletproof Stress Relief Collagen Protein used to make a drink.

We all face stress on a daily basis. While exercise and quality sleep are key to dealing with it, you can also use supplements for support. Common ones include:

Other supplements help support a healthy mood and promote relaxation. Bulletproof Zen Mode contains science-backed ingredients like magnesium and l-theanine, along with a blend of adaptogens, to support stress relief and improve focus.† The Bulletproof Stress Gummies are loaded with ashwagandha, L-theanine, and Vitamin B6 to support reduced stress and promote a positive, happy mood during life’s stressful moments.†

Related: 11 Supplements to Reduce Stress

Supplements for weight management

Person stepping on scale

While there’s no magic pill yet, studies have shown that some supplements for weight management have promise. Here are a few examples:

  • Caffeine: Found in sources like coffee, tea and dark chocolate. Caffeine may boost your metabolism and reduce your appetite.[2] [3]
  • CLA (conjugated linoleic acid): May aid in fat metabolism and support a healthy immune response. [4] [5]
  • Green tea extract: Green tea may support fat burning, heart health and antioxidant needs.[6] [7]

Related: Lemon Coffee for Fat Burning: Is the Juice Worth the Squeeze?

Supplements for rejuvenation

You’ll still get older, but these supplements help reduce the physiological effects of aging. This group contains supplements for joint function and comfort. It also includes supplements for memory and cognitive function. Examples:

  • Collagen Peptides: The most abundant protein in your body, and the glue that holds your body together. Collagen is a necessary building block for healthy bones, joints, muscles, skin and hair. While we produce it on our own, that slows down over time, which makes supplementing particularly important.
  • Ginseng: May support brain function, memory and mood.[8] [9]
  • Ginkgo biloba: Supports circulation and mental function.[10] [11]

Related: Panax Ginseng: Uses, Benefits and More About This All-Star Adaptogen


hand holding bottle of Bulletproof Curcumin Max on a blue tiles countertop

Inflammation is part of the game, especially if you’re active and tearing up muscle fibers in the gym. Luckily, certain supplements can help support the body during these times. These include:[12]

  • Curcumin (the active compound in turmeric)
  • Boswellia gum
  • Ginger root
  • Stephania root[13]

You can obtain science-backed doses of those key ingredients in Bulletproof Curcumin Max, which can be taken daily before or after intense or long-duration exercise.† Looking for another way? Bulletproof Turmeric Gummies are sugar-free, and the Peach Ginger flavor makes them easy to take on a daily basis.

Supplements for energy

Hand holding serving size of Bulletproof Methyl B-12

Life is hectic. There’s not always time to get enough sleep, eat a balanced diet or manage stress. That may explain why energy supplements and drinks are a thriving market. Some energy supplements may do more harm than good because they’re loaded with sugar and caffeine. Other supplements can help you feel energized and alert, without the crash.

  • Natural caffeine sources: Coffee and tea, minus the sugar and dairy. We’re big fans of the ultra-energizing Bulletproof Coffee recipe.
  • Vitamin B12: This vitamin plays a big role in energy production in your entire body. Look for methyl-B12 (found in Bulletproof Methyl-B12), which is more bioavailable than cyanocobalamin,[14] and B2. Vitamin B2, aka riboflavin, helps fights oxidative stress.
  • Creatine and citrulline: Increase energy production and reduce fatigue from intense exercise.[15] [16] [17]

Pro Tip: Get support for whole-body energy production with Bulletproof Unfair Advantage, Bulletproof KetoPrime and Bulletproof Forbose.

Supplements for sleep

Bulletproof Sleep Collagen Protein and Bulletproof Sleep on a tray with tea and a clock.

Quality sleep is the most important thing you can do to take care of your health. But sometimes, life gets in the way. Stress, travel and your environment can all interfere with your shut-eye. When you get a good night’s sleep, you’ll have more energy and be better prepared to cope with the stress of daily life. These sleep supplements may help.

  • Valerian root: May promote tranquility and help you sleep better.[18]
  • Melatonin: A natural hormone that promotes sleep. Try the plant-sourced melatonin in Bulletproof Sleep Mode. Or, mix a scoop of Bulletproof Sleep Collagen Protein into a mug of hot water for a soothing way to promote better-quality rest.†
  • Lavender: The aroma of lavender may improve sleep quality.[19] [20]
  • Magnesium: May promote better sleep by regulating melatonin.[21]

Want to put your body and brain in the best position to thrive? Find out which supplements everyone should take—and why.

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This article has been updated with new content.